verb perfect

perfect - only suffix changes

 

Lammā ra'aytu ('When I saw...')

lammā shahidtu ('When I witnessed...'

 

endings

 ‘arafta like anta

‘arafti like anti

‘arafnā like naḥnu

 ‘araftum like antum

‘araftunna like  antunna

dual

‘araftumā like antumā

‘arafā like humā

 

‘arafu / zārū 3mp - alif??

I knew

‘araftu

عَرَفْتُ

anā

أَنَا

you (ms) knew

‘arafta

عَرَفْتَ

anta

أَنْتَ

you (fs) knew

‘arafti

عَرَفْتِ

anti

أَنْتِ

he knew

‘arafa

عَرَفَ

huwa

هُوَ

she knew

‘arafat

عَرَفَتْ

hīya

هِيَ

we knew

‘arafnā

  عَرَفْنا

naḥnu

نَحْنُ

you (m, pl)  knew

‘araftum

عَرَفْتُم

antum

أَنْتُمْ

you (f, pl)  knew

‘araftunna

عَرَفْتُنَّ

antunna

أَنْتُنَّ

they (m) knew

‘arafu

عَرَفوا

hum

هُمْ

they (f) knew

‘arafna

عَرَفْنَ

hunna

هُنَّ

you (dual)

‘araftumā

عَرَفْتما

antumā

أنتُما

they (dual)

‘arafā

عَرَفا

humā

هُما

 

     

 

 

 

زارَ

 

 

I  visited

zūrtu

زُرْتُ

anā

أَنَا

you (ms) visited

zūrta

زُرْتَ

anta

أَنْتَ

You (fs) visited

zūrti

زُرْتِ

anti

أَنْتِ

he visited

zāra

زارَ

huwa

هُوَ

she visited

zārat

زارَتْ

hīya

هِيَ

we visited

zūrnā

زُرْنا

naḥnu

نَحْنُ

you (m p) visited

zurtum

زرْتُمْ

antum

أَنْتُمْ

you (f p) visited

zurtunna

زُرْتُنَّ

antunna

أَنْتُنَّ

they (m) visited

zārū

زاروا

hum

هُمْ

they (f) visited

zūrna

زُرْنَ

hunna

هُنَّ

you (dual) visited

zūrtumā

زُرْتُما

antumā

أنتُما

they (m dual) visited

zārā

زارا

humā

هُما

they (f dual) visited

zāratā

زارَتا

humā

هُما